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Feasibility of patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) for rural and remote transfers

Canadian Journal for Emergency Medicine


Authors: Adam Watchorn, Jason Curran, James Heilman, Nick Balfour, Kirk McCarroll, Shauna Speers & Devin Harris
Publication date: December 2022


The majority of pre-hospital care in these areas is provided by basic life support paramedics who are unable to administer opioids or parenteral analgesics. Patients who need to be transported to a higher level of care have few alternatives for managing pain. The results of this study will help to determine if ambulance-based PCA is a viable option for providing pain control to patients during transfers to higher levels of care.

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